Heel pain is in most cases caused by plantar fasciitis, heel pain is sometimes referred to as heel spur syndrome particularly when there is a spur, it is worth noting that heel pain can also be caused by a fracture, tendon problems, arthritis disease, or in rare situations by a cyst. Owing to numerous possible source of pain on the heel, it is good to have your heel pain examined by a reliable and experienced ankle surgeon for proper diagnoses, an experienced and skilled ankle surgeon is cable of identifying all potential possibilities and hence determining the source of your heel pain. Many people have no idea what plantar fasciitis is, it is simply swelling of the plantar fascia that link the heel to toes, where it is the cause of your heel pain the membrane becomes irritated first and later swell cause the heel to pain. This article provides you with some insights regarding causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and available non-surgical treatment of heel pain.
The primary cause of plantar fasciitis is poor foot structure, this is observed in people with flat feet, abnormal arched feet, or people with arches problems, plantar fasciitis can also develop because of using poor shoes on rigid flat surfaces because they put excessive pressure on the band tissue leading to plantar fasciitis, this is normally seen in people with a job that demand long hours of standing or obese people.
Some of major signs of heel pain are pain that originates from the bottom of the heel, and at the arch of the foot, the pain worsens on standing and over a given period, people with plantar fasciitis describes that they experience sharp stabbing pain when they arise after sitting for a significant amount hours, but a short walk relieves the pain as walk stretches plantar fascia.
Diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is arrived at after foot and ankle surgeon examines a patient foot and during the process rule out all other types of heel pain, however, before a final diagnosis is made the surgeon will first obtain your medical history, to pinpoint the type of heel pain a patient has, the doctor may use imaging diagnostic such as x-rays, there are some cases where patients with plantar fasciitis have been found to have heel spurs, this is a rare thing but it happens, in such case, the patient is diagnosed with Podiatry or heel spur syndrome.
Some of the recommended non-surgical treatments or management of plantar fasciitis are calf stretches, use of ice to minimize inflammation, avoid walking bare feet, use shoes that support the arch, limit physical activities, and medications such as oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). You can get more enlightened on this topic by reading here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plantar_fascia.